Chemistry Study Tips

Chemistry is one of those subjects that you simply cannot absorb by reading.

You must apply the principles by practicing equations and relating everything you’ve learned to something you encounter every day.

I think a lot of us have issues understanding science topics, especially chemistry because we can’t see it in our every day lives. So to help you out, I’ve devised several ways in which you can start to prepare for chemistry

1. Understand that chemistry happens all around us

The hardest thing to do when you begin studying chemistry is to apply theory to practice. If you can just begin to understand that everything that happens around you is some kind of chemical reaction, then you are able to proceed.

For example, I want you to imagine that you are sitting in your favorite restaurant waiting for your food to arrive. You see and smell so many different aromas within the restaurant that your body produces chemicals to

  1. identify the different smells (every fragrance is a chemical that your body perceives)
  2. identify the different foods by sight
  3. fill the brain so that it can prepare the body for the meal

Now, I want you to imagine that the waiter finally brings your food and note how you feel when you see the waiter arrive and when you take the first bite. You now have chemicals that

  1. fills your brain and causes you to feel happy
  2. fills your mouth with saliva, which also have chemicals to break down the food
  3. fills your taste buds and then send those same chemical messages to the brain so that you are able to taste the food
  4. breaks down food while it is in the stomach

So on, and so forth.

and this is just a small tidbit. Try to think of other scenarios which require chemical reactions (leave them in the comments below).

2. Understand that theories in chemistry are applicable and not invisible

After you understand that chemical reactions happen all around us every day, always remember that scientific theories are not always abstract, invisible, nor hypothetical.

For example, the atomic theory states that matter is comprised of tiny units called atoms. In the earlier years, the atom was just a philosophical concept because it was invisible to the naked eye. However, in the 20th century, the atom’s existence was proven and even smaller units of the atom could have actually been seen because of electromagnetism and radioactivity.

These smaller units were called protons, neutrons and electrons and the interaction of these smaller units is the basis of what helps us to understand different chemical reactions.

This means that scientific theories are not guesses: they are based upon factual evidence. They are only called theories because there are still some missing pieces of the puzzle that scientists have yet to uncover (God made this world quite complex).

3. Understand that chemistry has patterns

Let’s say you are studying the periodic table of elements and its trends across and down the table.

Assuming that you already understand the basics of the periodic table (if not, please leave me a comment below and I will explain), I will show you how it has a pattern.

For example, the atomic radius (which is the total distance from one end of the atom’s electron shell to another) increases as you go down the periodic table (this makes it very easy for them to give away electrons) but decreases as you go from left to right (thus more difficult to take away electrons).

Why? because as you add protons to the nucleus going across the table from left to right, the more the nucleus squeezes in itself and thus, making the entire atom smaller and the attraction of the electrons to the nucleus stronger.

And based upon these facts, it means that the ionization energy (the amount of energy needed to remove an electron) and electronegativity (the ability to gain electrons) increase going from left to right and decrease going from top to bottom.

Phew. I didn’t mean to give you a chemistry lesson but this is just to give you an idea of how to break things down and see some patterns.

4. Relate your topic to something that you see every day and actually understand.

Using the same atomic radius example above, take a picture of an atom and relate it to something you recognize, like an onion.

An onion has a lot of outer layers. The bigger the onion, the more layers it has and the longer it takes to reach to its core. It’s also very easy to peel off its top layers but the inner layers takes some work. This is easily compared to the atom. The top layer/valence shell of the electrons is the most reactive. Because the inner layers are closer to the nucleus, then its harder for them to be removed.

5. Always use visual demonstrations

This may include finding interesting videos on youtube, like this one, that has a lot of visual representation, animation, and clear and precise explanations.

You can also try free websites like Khan Academy or any of these free online courses to help you with any clarifications.

Of course, if you need one-on-one help, I am available through skype sessions (if you live outside of Nassau, Bahamas).

6. Repeat after me: Cramming is WRONG!

You cannot, and I repeat, CANNOT study for a chemistry test the night of…or even the week of. you will fail. Trust me.

The only way to completely understand chemistry is to ensure that you are looking at your notes and applying them, ideally, after every lesson.

If you don’t have the time, then pay special attention to your homework. Ask questions about it when you don’t understand. Don’t just hand in crappy work to pass and ignore it. Take your time to ensure you understand what you are talking about.

Once you understand these concepts, you will be a chem whiz in no time!

Happy studying! 🙂

 

 

Slavery Education and inequality-History of education in the Bahamas part III

I know. Sometimes the topic seems to be rehashed way too many times but its impact had been so severe to our black ancestors that the effects of it have known to have been passed down through generations and that cannot be ignored.

This is because when you are considered one-tenth of a human (no more than animal cattle), you are stripped of any and all basic human rights, which meant that when those rights do become accessible to you, you’d want your children, and your children’s children to take advantage of it fully, even when you don’t fully understand what to do with it.

This was very evident within Bahamians’ drive towards education.

Abolition of physical labor but continuation of mental slavery

Abolition of physical labor but continuation of mental slavery Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1336106

The woes of Slavery

A slave was forbidden to be educated because plantation owners and merchants feared slave uprisings. Therefore, if the slave master learned that one of his slaves could read, usually that slave was severely punished.

Luckily, when slavery was abolished in the Bahamas in 1838, the British crown finally considered the black population as equals in the crown. So they thought that it was imperative that the “freed negros” were given education in order to properly assimilate into society.

The plantation owners, on the other hand, thought that teaching their ‘property’ subjects such as math and English was completely unnecessary but they did agree that freed slaves would be a danger to them unless they trained them ‘to be freedmen and women’ in society, which formed the basis for apprenticeship programs. Within these apprenticeship programs, the freed slaves were supposedly given “mental,” “moral,” and “spiritual equipment” to integrate into society.

The non-conformist missionary groups and abolitionists hated this idea. They just considered it another form of slavery. Nevertheless, the apprenticeship program ended in 1840 with slaves still uneducated and unequipped to properly assimilate into society as equals.

Yay! We can finally learn how to be successful as our white masters…but not so fast

Eventually, two free public schools were opened on New Providence for the newly liberated slaves but this caused problems of overcrowding and unsanitary conditions. Additionally, because these schools were only located on New Providence, the liberated slaves on the out Islands were severely neglected for years. For example, the first school in Grand Bahama did not appear until 1908. That’s a whole 70 years after slavery was abolished and education was allowed to freed slaves.

Moreover, the British Crown gave 25,000 pounds to the Board of education in 1835, which resulted in the creation of 29 schools by 1859. However, the total number of teachers at the time was thirty-nine. Yes. You read that correctly. That’s roughly one teacher per school.

To combat this, the Board of Education had to rely solely on the Madara/Dr. Bell/Monitoring system (which I will explain in Part IV of this series) because it was cheaper and more efficient. Sadly, this meant that some were not getting access to quality education, usually, it was the black children.

In other words, most black kids were unable to receive quality education, no matter what. And it still persists today.

We came from far…but we still have a long, long ways to go

Now you might say that private schools are currently more welcoming (so much so that I know of a particular private school handing out athletic scholarships like candy) so access to quality education has broadened. However, these schools are now overcrowded, taking us back to the initial problem at hand.

Think about it. Are your kids actually receiving quality education when the class size can be up to 40 students per teacher? It doesn’t matter how qualified the teacher is or how good they are at teaching or how much money you are paying in school fees. How can one person effectively split their attention in 40 different ways when each child has different learning capabilities?

OK. Let’s put this into perspective. When Government High first opened in 1925, there were only 5 students in the class. This meant that each student was getting the attention that they needed to effectively succeed. Additionally, it was much easier to identify the slower learner and when they did, the student was refused to advance to the next level until they were up to par with their work.

It’s not possible for this to happen in a class of 30-40 students. In fact, there are way too many students that slip through the cracks and advance to the next level despite their struggles with understanding foundational topics.

Then by the time they arrive at grade 12, it’s already too late. This means that teachers will start recommending these students to complete the core BGCSE paper rather than the extended paper (which is silly as I explained in part I of this series) because the students are not able to handle an extended paper and this leads to a very dismal grade average.

Our educational system is perpetually failing us

Most black Bahamian parents have ignored this fact entirely and deemed it absolutely imperative that their child not only graduate from a private secondary institution, but they attend a tertiary educational institution as well, despite the fact that most Bahamian students these days:

  1. have no firm foundation on core subjects such as math and English (which can be blamed on a variety of factors such as overcrowding, poor teaching methods, too advance of a curriculum, parents not giving them any homework attention…etc),
  2. have no idea what career they will choose since they are limited in their options (most black parents push their child to become a doctor, lawyer or an accountant, which is uninteresting to most) and
  3. lack the motivation to complete these degrees (because there is little to no options to choose from in the Bahamian job market).

It also doesn’t help that the little jobs that are available are requiring higher degrees for little pay and rejecting applicants for being, “overqualified.” This perpetual cycle is dooming our society and our economy. The problem here is that the cycle was put in place by a white majority government to ensure the masses were kept illiterate and dependent upon them and yet it exists when the Bahamas is a majority-black nation that is run by a majority Black government (most of whom actually had access to quality education which will be further explained in part V of this series).

Additionally, teachers have always been blamed for these inadequacies but should they be? Stay tuned as I give my take on this issue in part IV of this series.

Until then, I’d like to hear from you guys. Do you think slavery has had a serious impact on how Bahamians are educated today? Why or why not? Please let me know what you think in the comment section below.

Some Christmas Gift Ideas for Teachers (and where to find them)

Hey there enthused Parents and students alike!

The holiday season is fast approaching and so you have probably been busy in the hustle and bustle of buying gifts and preparing for holiday meal sessions with family and friends (yea. I know how hectic this can be). But I wanted to take this time to address two things:

  1. Ensure that you are showing appreciation to you or your child’s favorite teacher/mentor/coach/educator (because giving back to someone who spends the majority of their time, energy and money with other people’s children is needed from time to time. Additionally, the appreciation is a great motivation).
  2. Help you choose that perfect gift for them 🙂

Please note that the gift doesn’t have to be extremely fancy nor expensive (like expensive jewelry or perfume). It just has to be thoughtful and heartwarming, which requires you to know their interests (likes/dislikes), hobbies and personality.

Now at this point you may be saying, “well, I don’t really know my teacher that well as yet.” Well here’s a simple solution: just ask them. A lot of the time, if you ask a teacher their interests, likes and dislikes, they will share it with you (I love Ferroro Rocher…just in case someone was wondering…) So go ahead and ask away.

After you have figured out what your teacher is interested in, you can check the following websites for perfect, inexpensive items for them.

1. CALENDARS.com – The BEST SELECTION of Calendars in the Known Universe.

If your teacher is a big cat/dog lover, this is the best place to purchase little trinkets and novelty calendars such as this
Grumpy Cat 2020 Planner

Grumpy Cat 2020 Planner

or this
Dog Gallery 2020 Desk Calendar

Dog Gallery 2020 Desk Calendar

What I really like about Calendars.com is that you can find nice gifts other than calendars at a very inexpensive price and they have it organized in product types such as gifts, puzzles, books, stationaries, drinkware (cups and mugs), etc.

Of course, Cats and dogs aren’t the only category of products that are sold at Calendars.com as there are many other categories of items available but for sure, it is the best place for gifts for cat and dog lovers.

2. BetterWorldBooks.com Explore New & used books. Browse many categories!

Is your teacher/educator a bibliophile or is always in need of reading books for the classroom? This is the best place to purchase them at a discounted price.

Here you can find anything from antiques and collectibles to children’s books, to books on education at various levels and entities.

For example, I found Hamlet and to Kill a Mockingbird for just under $5 each. Granted, they are used but still in great condition.

However, I must note that with technology nowadays, educators can easily download their books on their phones at a cheaper price, though there are still many people out there who would rather have a book in their hand than to read it on a screen. It’s best to find out their interests and needs with this idea.

3. Amazon

Of course, the third option would be finding something off of Amazon because it has thousands upon THOUSANDS of products to choose from such as textbooks, reading books, coffee mugs, kindles, speakers, classroom accessories…you name it!

For example, in the Bahamas, I find that teachers are always in need of speakers so I found this Bluetooth speaker that doubled as a clock which could be very useful in the classroom for under $25.

What I also love about Amazon is that you can actually purchase an amazon gift card and send it straight to their email box if you rather not think too hard about gift items.

Other Ideas

If you are more on the sentimental, crafty side, you and/or your child can create beautiful cards for each of your favorite teachers, expressing your gratitude and appreciation to their dedication. I assure you that they will love it just the same.

Another option can include organizing the entire class to raise funds to purchase a gift for the teacher. Sometimes, teachers just ask for supplies in the classroom such as dry erase markers (we ALWAYS need those!), pens, pencils, erasers, rulers (for the children who are always losing them and/or can’t afford them), reading books (for much of the younger grades), paper (both printing paper and folder sheet/loose-leaf for those that use it), musical instruments (more towards music teachers) and some form of caffeine (whether that be coffee or coke soda). If the entire class can pool those resources, maybe they can organize to get a few of these items in bulk.

Well, there ya go! These are just some ideas to get you going.

Happy Holidays!

 

An educator’s influence- why are teachers/tutors/coaches so important?

Image by Sasin Tipchai from Pixabay

Hey guys!

I decided to segue a bit here to talk about the tremendous impact that an educator has on a child’s life.

It is well-known that an educator is the foundation of a nation because they help nurture future lawyers, doctors, politicians, athletes, and other celebrities. Just think about it. In every classroom, there exists a modern-day Picasso, Mozart, Martin Luther King Jr, etc, all because of the insistence of an educator who saw great potential in their student.

Of course, there are some terrible teachers out there who crush the passions and dreams out of a few of their students but even they help to propel these same students into greatness through their negativity and criticism. For example, Thomas Edison’s teachers all thought he was stupid, yet, he was able to invent the light bulb. There are so many other success stories like this in which a teacher thought of their student as worthless/useless in school but they became someone influential in society as an adult (I LIVE for these types of testimonies by the way).

Personally, I have had a few educators who really poured into my life. Growing up, I was always the shy, quiet kid who just sat in class and passed my tests. I never really contributed to class discussions (not until 12th grade) and I always felt like a shadow. There were a few teachers that made me feel significant in my early years such as my Grade 1 teacher, Mrs. Allen and grade 2 teacher Mrs. Williamson (if I remember correctly). They made me feel significant in the class, even though I was shy and retracted.

The others existed in my college years such as my French lecturer Dr. Woolward: he was instrumental in pushing me to explore a world that was bigger than the Bahamas and I can never, ever, thank him enough. Through him, I was able to live in France for almost a year and improve my French to the level that it is today. Also, I have to include the late Mrs. Audrey Dean-Wright, the former director for the College of the Bahamas Concert Choir (now University of The Bahamas Concert Choir). She was a gem. She, along with Dr. Woolward, helped to free this shy caged bird by allowing her to sing! Not just in the choir, but in duets and small group ensembles. She also made me a leader, which I never thought I was capable of becoming because I was so retracted.

I honestly can say, I would not be who I am today without the insistence, patience, understanding, and vision of these teachers/lecturers.

Tell me, who were some of your greatest influencers in education? Who were your favorite teachers and why? Has an educator ever rejected you before? Please leave your comments in the comment section below. I’d love to hear about them.

Also, don’t forget to show appreciation to your most influential mentor before it’s too late.

===>Click here to see some gift ideas that you can get for teachers<===


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The church’s influence-History of education in the Bahamas Part II

We all know that the church had a monumental impact on society, especially in the earlier centuries. It helped shaped societal customs and social norms, including ideology surrounding slavery, black people, women, etc. In fact, it is well-known that the church not only aided in starting slavery but also in maintaining it. But did you know that the church was an integral part of the abolishment of slavery as well?

Yup! Lookup a group called the Quakers.

In other words, the Church encompasses both well-intentioned good people as well as evil people and sadly, because they both exist within Christianity (or any religion for that matter), it’s hard to separate the evil from the good ones.

In the Bahamas, the idea of separating the two is even more difficult because even though some of the ideologies that the church taught or propagated were negative, and quite frankly, twisted, there are so many visibly tangible contributions of the Church.

One of those greatest contributions to the Bahamas would have had to be in education because, without the persistence of certain individuals within the church, the majority of us would not have the access to education as we do today. Additionally, almost all the major private schools are run by a specific denomination. Let’s take a look.

The Early Missionaries’ need to educate

Education in the Bahamas was always pushed by the Church. In fact, the very first attempt to educate the Bahamian

By Williams, John – https://fleuron.lib.cam.ac.uk/static/ornament_images/073190040000020_1.pngRecord: https://fleuron.lib.cam.ac.uk/ornament/073190040000020_1, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=59548795

masses was through a religious group called The Society for Propagation of the Gospel in 1739. They were an Anglican missionary group that was funded by the Church of England.

 

 

They opened and operated a school called the ‘Free School’ which was located in modern-day Fox hill and catered to poor white boys (and, very rarely, a black boy). However, teachers were complaining that they were not getting paid. So to combat this, the 1746 education act made it mandatory for all men, no matter the race, between the ages of 16 and 60, to pay a tax of 1 shilling and 6 pence (which is equivalent to 50 cents) in order to compensate the teachers. Nonetheless, this taxation was short-lived and sadly, the school had to be discontinued.

Eventually, there were also groups of missionaries, who considered themselves non-conformists, that started visiting the Bahamas. They saw the need to educate black children but they were faced with two challenges:

  1. during this time, it was forbidden to teach a slave.
  2. They were only able to teach freed colored men during Sunday school.

This meant that instructional time was restricted to maybe 2 hours per week. Nonetheless, this did not deter them from trying.

These sub-missionary groups were not the only contributors. Entire denominations had helped shaped Bahamian education into what is now known today. However, their contributions can be considered controversial as many of them only catered to a certain aspect of Bahamian society for decades. These denominations include Anglican, Methodist, Baptist, and Roman Catholics.

The Anglican Archdiocese

The Anglican church’s presence can be dated all the way back to 1670. One of the first schools that was established

First Students at Saint Anne’s School

was the Free School (led by the SPG) in 1739. They were then placed in control of the Central school, the first public school of the Bahamas, under the 1821 Education Act. Since then, the Anglican Central Education Authority was established having 4 private schools under its belt:

  1. St John’s College, New Providence, Bahamas: this is the second high school to accept black students and it was established in 1947. It had 7 teachers and 135 students when it first opened.
  2. St Anne College, New Providence, Bahamas: established in 1955 because of a need for a school in the Fox Hill area. The parish hall was turned into 3 classrooms and the number of students that attended school during its first year was 26 with 6 teachers. Eventually, because of an influx of students, classes had to be held in the Churchyard underneath sapodilla and almond trees.
  3. Bishop Michael Eldon School, Freeport, Grand Bahama: it was first named Freeport Highschool but undergone a slight name change to Freeport Anglican Highschool right when it opened in 1965. In 1991, the Discovery Primary School was added to the Freeport Anglican Highschool’s campus and eventually, the name was changed again to Bishop Michael Eldon School.
  4. St Andrews Anglican School, Georgetown, Exuma: it was first established as a preschool in 1983. The Primary department was not established until 1995 and then the middle school followed in 2002.

The Methodist

Many people tend to disregard the fact that there were free black loyalists who relocated to the Bahamas because it is always assumed that anyone who was black was automatically considered a slave. Well, a freed black man, Joseph Paul, was one of the black loyalists who came to the Bahamas and was credited with being the first black man to introduce Methodism in not only black communities but in the entire Bahamas in 1786.

Wesleyan chapel and mission premises in the eastern district of new providence Bahamas-1849

Additionally, he helped establish a school for blacks and free people of color that could have doubled as a way to teach Methodist philosophies as well. In this school, called The Associates School, he had 5 students in total. However, because of some external trouble, Paul was unable to continue it and he had moved to the Anglican faith.

The Methodist community did not get a new minister until 1800, who happened to a white Barbadian. This caused a change in the way the Methodist church contributed towards education.

By 1834, the Methodists had created day schools in Eleuthera that were primarily for white children and liberated Africans. Occasionally, the child of a slave may have been allowed to attend one of these days’ schools upon their master’s request.

Since then, there have been two schools that are listed underneath the Methodist church:

  1. Queen’s College, New Providence, Bahamas: the oldest private school in the Bahamas was established in 1890 but it was largely segregated. It is interesting to note that even though Bahamian white QC parents expressed strong desires to separate their children from other races while they were in school, there were a few colored children who were allowed in the mix, including Eugene Dupuch (the owner of the tribune/guardian). In 1948, Mr. Dupuch made a shocking speech at the Royal Victoria Hall stating that the white parents needed to start looking at children with different skin complexions with ‘Christian eyes.’ From then on, it is said that a lot of those outraged white parents moved on to create a white-only school (St Andrews). Eventually, there were strategies put in place by the Methodist church to make QC more representative of the majority population which forced integration.
  2. St Michael s Preschool, New Providence, Bahamas: was established in 1982 with the goal of educating kids between 3 & 4 in a safe learning environment.

The Baptist

The Baptists, along with the Methodists, are said to be two of the most contributing denominations towards

Bethel Baptist Church

educating the black masses. The baptist faith can be traced back to 1790 with the building of Bethel Baptist Church and its founders Prince Williams and Sharper Morris (who were free black men).

This faith had become so influential, that they have built tertiary level institutions.

Schools that are listed under the Bahamas National Baptist Missionary and Educational Convention includes:

  1. The Bahamas Baptist Community College (BCC), New Providence, Bahamas: This is the largest private tertiary institution and the second largest tertiary institution in the Bahamas. It was established in 1995 by Charles W. Saunders to offer certificates, Associates and Bachelor degrees in humanities, business and administrative studies, natural sciences and social sciences as well as college prep courses.
  2. Jordan Prince William Baptist School
  3. Charles W. Saunders Baptist School

The Catholics

The presence of the Catholic faith here in the Bahamas can be traced to 1887 when Rev. Charles George O’Keeffe was appointed as priest in the Bahamas.

Some of the Schools that are listed under the Catholic Board of Education includes:

  1. Sacred Heart Schools, New Providence, Bahamas: This school was established in 1889 by 2 individuals within The Sisters of Charity; Irene Gonzaga Batell, Maria Dodge. It started out as a summer sewing class which then evolved into an everyday school.
  2. Bahamian Catholic School Crest

    Xavier Academy/ Xavier Academy, New Providence, Bahamas: this is said to be the second oldest school and the very first Catholic school established in the Bahamas as it was established in 1890. But, according to the Catholic Board of Education’s website, there were three different Xavier’s: one was St Francis Xavier School (opened 1889 and closed 1979 to merge with St Josephs); St Francis Xavier Academy/Xavier Academy (opened 1890 but in 1955 was morphed into Xavier College); and Xavier College/Xavier Lower School (1955- present). Due to this insight, it would mean that, technically St Francis and St Joseph is the oldest school in the Bahamas (instead of Queen’s College) since it was merged with another school. I think it’s definitely something to inquire about. Another thing to note about this school is that it was also a segregated school for girls when it first opened and continued until 1967.

  3. St Augustine’s College (SAC), New Providence, Bahamas: It is said that this was the first secondary school that catered to the black majority. Its doors were opened in 1947 to 35 male students and 4 teachers. The classes lasted all day until 8 p.m so that students were able to study and it was the first Bahamian boarding school (but was discontinued in the 1970’s). In 1967, S.A.C (the all-boys school) merged with Xavier s School (the all-girls school) to become a co-ed high school but they still were taught in separate classrooms.
  4. St Thomas Moore, New Providence, Bahamas: opened in 1953 by The Sisters of Charity of New York

    First four faculty members at Saint Augustine’s College

    organization. They were sent to the Bahamas to do missionary work and they helped build several schools including Xavier s and Sacred Heart. When the school first opened, there were 3 Sisters of Charity posted at the school with 4 other teachers.

  5. St Cecilia, New Providence, Bahamas: opened in 1956 by Fr. Author Chapman with the help of the Sisters of Charity and Sisters of St Josephs of Canada organizations.
  6. Aquinas College, New Providence, Bahamas: opened in 1957 with the aid of five sisters from the Dominican Sisters organization who forwent business education at the school. They were also instrumental in creating a teacher training program for Bahamian nuns. Sadly both the business program and teacher training college had been discontinued 10 years afterward.
  7. St Francis de Sales School, Marsh Harbour, Abaco: established in 1964 by the Sacred Hearts Fathers, with the aid of the Dominican Sisters of Caldwell and was exclusively a primary school located in New Providence. They didn’t move to Abaco until 1996 with the implementation of a high school.
  8. St Francis and Joseph School, New Providence, Bahamas: opened in 1979 by merging two previous schools, St Francis Xavier and St Josephs school (the fourth Catholic school that was opened in the Bahamas). Also, an interesting tidbit of information: St Francis Xavier s had implemented a high school in 1952 but that high school was discontinued to establish Aquinas College.
  9. Every Child Counts, Marsh Harbour, Abaco: established in 1997 out of a need to educate children with developmental delays and learning disabilities.
  10. Mary, Star of the Sea Catholic Academy, Freeport Grand Bahama, Bahamas: established in 1960 with 20 students and 3 teachers. Rev. Bishop Paul Leonard Hagardy, Wallace Groves and the Grand Bahama Port Authority all aided in the construction of this school. In 2014, it then merged with Grand Bahama catholic school (created in 1966), who was the only school to offer academic and vocational certification to high school students on Grand Bahama.
  11. Our Lady of the Souls, New Providence, Bahamas: this school was established in 1926 by Sr. Carmita Maria and Sr. Mary Rosella in Grants town

There were 10 other schools that the Catholic had created but those schools were either closed or merged with another school after a few years. However, due to this extensive list, it can be well seen that the Catholics really vested time and money into education.

Now that you know the church’s contribution towards education, was their contribution substantial enough to ensure that the black Bahamian populace became equipped members of society? In other words, is it enough that these churches just erected schools for the segregated? Have they made any other substantial contribution to our society? I’d love to know your thoughts on these questions in the comment section below.

Stay tuned for part III of this series where I will talk about the effects of slavery on our educational system.

 

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